- Explore the grammar by doing a few exercises
- Practise with 3rd Conditional quizzes / exercises
- Practise with Mixed Conditional quizzes / exercises
Mixed Conditionals are mainly a combination of 2nd and 3rd Conditionals, and that's all you're likely to come across in a certificate exam, so let's just remind ourselves of the structure of 2nd and 3rd Conditionals.
Click and Drop - Where you see the red question mark symbol ?, place the cursor over it for instructions, using your mouse.
Ex 1 - Complete the rules ?
|Conditional||if clause||result clause|
|Refers to (time):|
|Refers to (time):|
Ex 2 - Now put it into practice with actual sentences. ?
|2nd:||If I so lazy, I harder and my exams.|
|3rd:||If I so lazy, I harder and my exams.|
Second Conditional and the Subjunctive
But I didn't, so I haven't.
Ex 3 - Complete the sentences by entering the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps. Use contractions as in these examples.
- I'd done
- I hadn't done
- I 'd have done
- I wouldn't have done
|Real 1||I was lazy (+), I didn't work hard (-)|
|Unreal 1||If I hadn't been so lazy (-), I'd have worked harder (+).|
|Real 2||I was so lazy (+), I partied every night (+)|
|Unreal 2||If I so lazy, I every night.|
|Real 3||I didn't work hard (-), so I didn't pass my exams (-)|
|Unreal 4||If I hard, I my exam.|
|Real 4||I didn't work hard (-), so I failed my exams (+)|
|Unreal 4||If I hard, I my exams.|
Ex 4 - Look at these two sentences and fill the gaps:
|if clause||result clause|
|If I'd passed my exams,||I would have a better job today.|
|Refers to (time):||,|
|If I wasn't so lazy,||I would've passed my exams.|
|Refers to (time):||,|
- Mixed 3:2 Conditional
- Mixed 2:3 Conditional
If she spoke Spanish, she might have got the job.
If he had a bigger house, he would have bought that enormous sofa that was in the sale.
If he'd had a bigger house, he would have bought that enormous sofa that was in the sale.
Practice 1 - Match the two halves ? to make Third Conditional sentences
|1.||If you hadn't phoned to say you were safe|
|2.||She would never have managed|
|3.||If she hadn't been busy talking on her mobile,|
|4.||He couldn't have given up smoking|
|5.||If they hadn't booked early|
|6.||If she hadn't taken that job in Barcelona|
|7.||They would have really enjoyed themselves|
|8.||We could have eaten a lot better|
Practice 2 - Fill the gaps ? to make Third Conditional sentences.
|1.||It's all the government's fault. If they raised VAT, we could have afforded a new car.|
|2.||The trip would have been more enjoyable if the weather been better.|
|3.||My suitcase wouldn't have got lost if I labelled it more clearly.|
|4.||If the council provided more recycling bins, more people might have used them.|
|5.||If we lost our lottery ticket, we would have won a fortune.|
|6.||It wouldn't have been such a disaster if we forgotten to buy insurance.|
|7.||The cat wouldn't have got stuck in the tree if that bird been sitting on a branch.|
|8.||If they only listened to our advice, they wouldn't have gone there in the first place.|
Practice 3 - Enter the verb in its correct form into the gaps using the prompts given to make Third Conditional; sentences.
|1.||We could have been watching that film now if you (not / have) to work late.|
|2.||If they hadn't both suddenly felt like a coffee that day, they (might / never / meet).|
|3.||If it (not / be) such a lovely day, we wouldn't have gone to the beach.|
|4.||The generals (never / agree) to our demands if hadn't been for the Americans.|
|5.||She wouldn't have done it if you (not egg) her on.|
|6.||If the space probe (reach) its target yet, Houston would have known.|
|7.||A lot of money (could / be / saved) if they'd listened to their adviser.|
|8.||If he hadn't been such a greedy bastard, he (not / lose) all that money.|
- Choose the correct base verb for each sentence. Click on a verb in the top box and then click on the appropriate box (in brackets) in the column on the right. When you've finished click on 'Check 1'
- Enter the verb in its correct form into the gaps in the sentences. You might have to make it negative for the sentence to make sense. Use the contractions - 'd (have), wouldn't, hadn't - where possible, but don't use any others. When you've finished click on 'Check 2'
|1.||We for you if we'd known you were coming too.||( )|
|2.||If I hadn't seen you at the party, I in touch anyway.||( )|
|3.||You'd have had a right laugh if you his face.||( )|
|4.||If the weather hadn't been so awful, we to the mountains.||( )|
|5.||They'd have loved to have been there, if only they to get away.||( )|
|6.||If the train full, we'd have been able to get a seat.||( )|
|7.||The floods worse if it hadn't been for the protective barriers.||( )|
|8.||If she that dress for the party, I think I would have myself.||( )|
Mixed Conditionals - In these exercises all sentences are about unreal conditions so mix Second and Third Conditionals only.
Practice 5 - Match the two halves ?
|1.||If they hadn't invested so much in the past|
|2.||She would have remembered to get him a birthday present|
|3.||If he was a bit more careful with his money|
|4.||I would be finding it easier to get into university|
|5.||If I had a driving licence|
|6.||They wouldn't have missed the train|
|7.||She would be managing director now|
|8.||If you hadn't let the dogs out in the rain|
Practice 6 - Choose the correct alternative to make mixed conditionals ?
|1.||If I knew the answer I you.|
|would tell - would have told|
|2.||The fireman could have put out the fire quicker if they better equipped.|
|were - had been|
|3.||We wouldn't be so broke if you away all our money.|
|didn't gamble - hadn't gambled|
|4.||If she hadn't gone on that holiday to Greece, she so keen on Greek culture.|
|wouldn't be - wouldn't have been|
|5.||We in such uncomfortable seats if we had paid a bit more for First Class.|
|wouldn't be sitting - wouldn't have been sitting|
|6.||If he a bit more street-wise, he would never have got tricked like that.|
|was - had been|
|7.||If he such high grades in his 'A' levels, he wouldn't be at Oxford now.|
|didn't have - hadn't got|
|8.||She lost if she had a better sense of direction.|
|wouldn't get - wouldn't have got|
Practice 7 - Enter the verb in its correct form into the gap using the prompt given to make a mixed conditional. You might have to make it negative for the sentence to make sense.
|1.||If the family (not move) house, they wouldn't be so near the children's school.|
|2.||If you weren't so selfish, you (give) your sister some of your cake.|
|3.||He wouldn't have won yesterday's race if he (be) so fit these days.|
|4.||If I (be) allergic to nuts, I wouldn't have eaten that nut roast.|
|5.||We would be in the Caribbean now if the airline pilots (go) on strike.|
|6.||We wouldn't have eaten that steak if we (be) vegetarians.|
|7.||If they hadn't sent him to such a posh school, perhaps he (be) such a snob now.|
|8.||I would be so rich now if only my horse (fall) at the last fence.|
- Choose the correct base verb for each sentence. Click on a verb in the top box and then click on the appropriate box in the column on the right. When you've finished click on 'Check 1'
- Enter the verb in its correct form into the gaps to make mixed conditionals. You might have to make it negative for the sentence to make sense. Use contractions as in Practice 7. When you've finished click on 'Check 2'
|1.||He her if he wasn't so short-sighted.|
|2.||If they'd invited me, I there right now.|
|3.||If he the company, we might still be making a loss.|
|4.||We to bed earlier if we weren't such night owls.|
|5.||I happier if you hadn't agreed we go to your mother's.|
|6.||If she friendlier, I'd have spoken to her.|
|7.||She would be a doctor now if she her studies.|
|8.||If I had a watch, I the time.|
Answers to the Practice exercises - click on a button and then go back to the exercise.
Links - Mixed Conditionals
- BBC learning English
- British Council
- Learn English - slide show
- English Page
- Using English