Watch the video - to get the general idea. Answer the questions and then do the exercises.
- What kind of fish does the video mention?
- Who steals what, and who from?
Exercise 1. Verbs in context - Look at these verbs in context and then match them with their definitions below.
|a.||to rocket||to rocket through a swarm of your favourite food|
|b.||to leap||just opening your mouth and letting it leap in|
|c.||to drive||The penguins drive the anchovy swarm into a shoal of shallow water|
|d.||to bunch (sth up)||bunching the throng even tighter|
|e.||to surface||Only when the pelicans surface can they enjoy their catch|
|1.||to rise to the top of the water|
|2.||to force someone or something to go somewhere or do something|
|3.||to move close together to form a tight group|
|5.||to move very fast|
Exercise 2a. Compound nouns - Match the beginnings and endings
Exercise 2b - Now match the nouns with their definitions below. Enter the noun number into the relevant box below.
|1.||someone who spoils other people's enjoyment (usually by disapproving of or not taking part in a particular activity)|
|3.||military aircraft designed to fly down quickly before dropping their ammunition on a target|
|4.||something (usually money) which can be got easily or dishonestly|
Exercise 3. Words connected with food and greed
|1.||feasting (n)||a)||when people eat and drink more than they need to (one of the 7 deadly sins)|
|2.||greedy (adj)||b)||a person who regularly eats and drinks more than is needed|
|3.||gluttony (n)||c)||a large formal meal for many people, often followed by speeches in honour of someone|
|4.||banquet (n)||d)||(eg of food) a large amount|
|5.||glutton (n)||e)||eating a lot of good food and enjoy it very much|
|6.||bounty (n)||f)||wanting a lot more food, money, etc. than you need|
- a small hill of sand just below the surface of the sea
- a large number of fish swimming together as a group
- When life gives you lemons, make lemonade
- - out of something bad, make something good.
- (every cloud has) a silver lining - bad things often have a good side
- make hay (while the sun shines) - take the opportunity when it's offered to you
- Only when the pelicans back off on their gluttony and let go of some of their catch can they surface and enjoy the bounty in their beaks, leaving the anchovy banquet down below once more to these gleeful gluttons.
Now watch the video again, first without looking at the tapescript.
Exercise 4. - Now do this Gapfill exercise.
Exercise 6a. A few phrasal verbs - Match the beginnings ans endings
|1.||make||a)||off on sth|
|3.||pick||c)||go of sth|
|4.||back||d)||in on sth|
Exercise 6b. - Now match them with their definitions. Enter the verb number in the top half into the relevant box below.
|1.||to stop being involved in a situation, especially in order to allow.|
|2.||enjoy or benefit from something other people are doing|
|2.||to pretend to be something you are not (mainly US spoken)|
|3.||to stop holding something|
|4.||to select something (or somebody) and then take it (them)|
- Ex 1 - 1. to surface, 2. to drive, 3. to bunch, 4. to leap, 5. to rocket
- Ex 2a - 1. pickings, 2. pooper, 3. bombers, 4. ducks
- Ex 2b - 1. 2, 2. 4, 3. 3, 4. 1
- Ex 3 - 1. e, 2. f, 3. a, 4. c, 5. b, 6. d
- Ex 4 - 1. anchovies, 2. opportunity, 3. leap, 4. playful, 5. shoal, 6. tighter, 7. party, 8. pelicans, 9. heavy, 10. greedy, 11. lemonade, 12. beaks, 13. gluttony, 14. surface, 15. banquet
- Ex 5a - 1. like, 2. go of, 3. off, 4. off on, 5. in on
- Ex 5b - 1. 4, 2. 5, 3. 1, 4. 2, 5. 3