- Yes / No questions, also known as closed questions.
- Question word or wh-word questions, also known as open questions.
Yes / No questions
- She is going to the party - present continuous
Is she going to the party?
- He had seen her lately. - present perfect
Had he seen her lately?
- She would go again. - modal
Would she go again
- They speak Spanish.
Do they speak Spanish?
- She likes playing golf
Does she like playing golf?
- He got an invitation
Did he get an invitation?
- She is making something. - present continuous
What is she making?
- He has been somewhere. - present perfect
Where has he been?
- He would like to talk to somebody. - modal
Who would he like to talk to?
- They want to do something.
What do they want to do?
- She likes somebody.
Who does she like?
- He saw something moving.
What did he see moving?
- Q - question word
- A - auxiliary
- S - subject
- I - infinitive
|Questionword||Auxiliary||Subject||Infinitive||the rest of the sentence|
|yes / no|
|continuous||-||Are||you||going||to the party?|
|simple||Who||did||you||see||at the party?|
Wh-word referring to the subject
- Something is annoying him. - present continuous
What is annoying him?
- Somebody has turned out the light. - present perfect
Who has turned out the light?
- Somebody would like to talk to you. - modal
Who would like to talk to you?
- Somebody loves her.
Who loves her?
- Somebody saw you at the party.
Who saw you at the party?
|Auxiliary||Verb||Object||the rest of the sentence|
|Which of these||-||takes||your fancy?|
|Who||-||invited||you||to the party?|
|Which of them||-||told||you||that?|
|modal||Which of these||would||suit||you||best?|
To sum up
- Yes / No questions - invert subject and auxiliary. In simple tenses add the auxiliary do/does/did
- Wh-questions when the wh-word refers to the object or an adverbial. Use the QASI formula. In simple tenses add the auxiliary do/does/did
- Wh-questions when the wh-word refers to the subject - simply put the wh-word in normal subject position before the verb or auxiliary. In simple tenses don't add anything
Emphatic do - the exception to the exception.
- Well, who is taking him to school, if not you?
- So what has annoyed him then?
- If you don't like that one, which of these would suit you?
- If it's not David, who does phone you every day then?
- What does annoy you then? Nothing? I don't believe you.
- Then who did invite you to the party if Mandy didn't?
- If it wasn't the traffic, what did take you so long?
- If Peter didn't, which of them did tell you?
Exercise 1 - Make wh-word questions.
|EG.||Somebody spoke to her.|
|1.||Somebody invited her to dinner|
|2.||He told somebody about his plans|
|3.||They make something themselves.|
|4.||Something makes him happy|
|5.||Something happened to him. (add emphasis)|
|6.||He asked his brother something.|
|7.||Somebody cooks his supper for him.|
|8.||He prefers something.|
|9.||Somebody gave him a black eye.|
|10.||They went somewhere on holiday.|
|11.||He first met her sometime.|
|12.||Somebody likes him a lot more than she's letting on.|
|13.||She takes after somebody.|
|14.||Somewhere suits her best.|
|15.||Some wine goes with eggs. (add emphasis)|
Exercise 2 - Change these indirect questions into direct questions. Remember to change the tenses where necessary, and the pronouns. Where it says really, use emphatic do.
|She asked him ...|
|EG.||... who he had spoken to.|
|1.||... what he wanted for supper.|
|2.||... how he liked his eggs cooked.|
|3.||... who had told him about the .|
|4.||... if he wanted to go for a walk.|
|5.||... which shirt he liked best.|
|6.||... which of his brothers had given him the present.|
|7.||... who had phoned earlier|
|8.||... whether he wanted go out later.|
|9.||... why he hadn't told her earlier.|
|10.||... what the word ubiquitous meant.|
|11.||... if he had phoned his parents.|
|12.||... who had really told him about the job, then.|
|13.||.. what had made him so angry at work yesterday.|
|14.||... if he thought it would rain.|
|15.||... where he had put the car keys.|
|16.||... what had really happened to his brother that night.|
|17.||... when he wanted to eat.|
|18.||... who had said life was going to be a bed of roses.|
|19.||... if he had told his parents about the change of plans.|
|20.||... who really annoys him at work.|
Remember with a song.
- who/what = object - with auxiliary do
Who do you love - Bo Diddley, The Doors
What do you want from me - Pink Floyd
- who/what = subject - without auxiliary do
Who loves you - The Four Seasons
What makes you beautiful - One Direction
What about whom?