American / British differences
Exercise 1 - In each sentence there's one word which could be replaced by another word to make the sentence better. Enter the existing word in the left hand column of boxes, and the new word in the right hand column. Note:
- You need to change one word in each sentence
- In most cases you will only need one word to replace it
- In one case you'll need two words
- In one case you'll need no word (leave the box empty)
|1.||She can't drive, and I can't too.|
|2.||I'm going to the shop to buy any bread.|
|3.||We've hardly no milk left.|
|4.||If you have some questions at all, please just ask.|
|5.||She's yet in bed, the lazy thing.|
|6.||I don't how we're going to get some sleep with all that noise|
|7.||I think there's anybody at the door.|
|8.||I was surprised that someone bothered to go to the meeting.|
|9.||We're going anywhere sunny for our holiday. Majorca.|
|10.||She has a total of three sisters at all.|
|11.||He drinks much at the weekends|
|12.||The train's all booked up, but we'll get there anyhow.|
|13.||That's all I know. There isn't something else I can tell you.|
|14.||She was too tired to do some work.|
|15.||More than something else I'd like to visit India.|
|16.||It's the fastest train you'll find somewhere in the world.|
|17.||I've ever been to Paris three times.|
|18.||She totally refused to do some work.|
|19.||This is really urgent, I need you to do it without some delay.|
|20.||Anybody who knows something about this will tell you I'm right.|
Contexts where we use non-assertive words
- Questions - Have you any brothers or sisters?
- Negative statements - She hasn't got much money at all.
- Indirect negatives - I don't know if I want any of this soup.
- After non-affirmative verbs like
forget, doubt, deny, refuse etc-
I forgot to get any milk.
- After negative prepositions - He did it without any fuss.
- After be + certain adjectives like sorry, surprised, bothered etc - - I'm sorry if there's been any misunderstanding.
- After everybody etc -
Everyone who has any experience of
- With comparatives - It was better than any other holiday I've ever had.
- With superlatives - It was the hottest day that anybody could remember.
- After an expression with too - I'm too tired to go any further.
- In the if clause of a conditional - If anybody wants any more cake at all, just help yourselves.
Exercise 2 - Fill the gaps with the words in the box.
|1.||I asked him to help me, but he to do anything at all.|
|2.||She did it any hesitation at all.|
|3.||She to buy any stamps.|
|4.||He was that anything like that could happen.|
|5.||I if he knows any more than I do about it.|
|6.||Have you been to Marseilles ?|
|7.||She was for any problems she might have caused.|
|8.||He ever having been anywhere near the bank.|
|9.||He has any time left before his exams.|
|10.||If you're in this neck of the woods again, give me a call.|
Back to the problem of the club soda.
Exercise 3 - Look at these sentences and decide what two-letter word could replace and in all of the sentences.
- I'll try and phone you tomorrow if I get the chance.
- Be sure and come and see us next time you're in town.
- We'll just have to wait and see, won't we?
- I'll just go and get some more coffee.
- They often come and see us at the weekend.
- Won't you stay and have something to eat?
Go and get etc - and with a purpose
1. try, be sure, wait
- Future simple - I'll try and find some more tissues.
- Going to future - She's going to try and call me later.
- Imperatives - Be sure and keep warm.
- Present simple - They try and see us when they can. (But not with he, she, it)
- Infinitives - We need to try and do better next time.
Come, go, stay etc
Exercise 4 - Complete each gap with one word.
|1.||Won't you come and sit here beside me.|
|2.||I'll go and get to write with.|
|3.||Are you going to stay and have lunch with us?|
|4.||Could you hurry and close that door. It's freezing.|
|5.||Run and get me a tissue, would darling?|
|6.||She goes and fetches the kids from school afternoon.|
|7.||He thought going and buying a new suit in the sales. (Not about)|
|8.||He stayed and had drink before setting off. (Not a)|
So what's this got to do with the original sentence?
- I forgot to go the store and buy any club soda
- I forgot to go the store and (I forgot to) buy any club soda
- I forgot to go the store (in order) to buy any club soda
- I forgot to go the store and buy some club soda
With past tenses it depends on context.If I say I went and did something, we know I did it, whether it was my intention or not. Therefore we can't contradict that by saying I went and did something and I didn't do it. (which is an exaggeration of Neal's example). It makes no sense. So Neal has brought up an interesting point. In past tenses and may imply intention, or it may just be linking two actions. It depends on context.
Exercise 5 - Where it is possible use and plus a past form of the verb in brackets. Where and is not possible use the to-infinitive.
|1.||She came for lunch (stay) all afternoon.|
|2.||He's just gone out (buy) some milk. He'll be back soon.|
|3.||There was no whisky in the house so I went to the shop (buy) some. But it was closed.|
|4.||I went to the shop (buy) some whisky while I was there.|
|5.||She stayed (have) lunch with us.|
|6.||They had gone (get) some tickets for the show, but when they got there it was sold out.|
|7.||The plumber came specially (mend) the pipes.|
|8.||The pipes? He's already been (do) them.|
So in conclusion:
- We can use and with verbs like come and go in the past, but but only when the action of the second verb has been successfully completed.
- In those circumstances, and can sometimes express intention, but it often just links two consecutive events .
- When we want to really stress intention in the past, or when that intention wasn't fulfilled we use the to-infinitive.
- It all depends on context.
- Practical English Usage Michael Swan (Oxford)