Pronouns - some, any, none
Exercise 1 - complete the sentences with the pronouns in the box.
|1.||Where are the tomatoes? - There should be in that cupboard.|
|2.||He came back home empty handed, without of the things he had been meaning to buy.|
|3.||These are of the pictures I've painted recently.|
|4.||Aren't there any tomatoes in the cupbpoard? - No, at all.|
|5.||I'm making a pot of tea; would you like ?|
|6.||And remember to bring back the change, if there is .|
|7.||We looked at some package holidays, but of them took our fancy.|
|8.||We could have tomatoes; are there in the cupboard?|
|9.||We need to get more coffee; there isn't left.|
|10.||Look at those juicy-looking tangerines. Weren't you wanting to buy ?|
|11.||What flavour ice-cream do you want? - I don't mind, will do.|
|12.||It's great that of my friends smoke. We're a very healthy lot.|
|13.||He's got a couple of brothers in America, but here in the UK.|
|14.||All pigs are equal, but are more equal than others.|
|15.||We wanted to get tickets for the match, but there were left.|
Determiners - some, any, no
Exercise 2 - complete the sentences with the determiners in the box.
|1.||There must be absolutely talking during this exam. Is that clear?|
|2.||Is there wine left or have we finished the bottle?|
|3.||There's still wine left; shall we finish the bottle?|
|4.||It's use asking him about anything; he's always 'too busy'!|
|5.||Isn't it strange how mosquitoes bite people, but leave others completely alone?|
|6.||She's fool, that one. You can't pull the wool over her eyes.|
|7.||He's got hardly hair left; he's almost completely bald.|
|8.||It could be said that lies are worse than others.|
|9.||They say that news is good news.|
|10.||There's wine left, unfortunately.|
|11.||He just turned up on my doorstep without warning at all!.|
|12.||I like modern jazz, but not the very noisy sort.|
|13.||She didn't allow fooling around in her classroom.|
|14.||You could buy a Model T Ford in colour you liked, as long as it was black.|
|15.||Would you like more tea? I'm making another pot anyway.|
When do we use which?
- We usually use some and any to talk about undefined amounts of uncountable things, or quantities of countable people or things
- We usually use some in positive statements and any in negative statements and questions
- To talk about negative amounts or quantities, we use no, none or not any
- The pronouns some, any and none are used:
- on their own to represent a noun
- No money? Don't worry, I've got some.
- with of + a determiner (the, this, your etc)
- Take any of these chocolates.
- with of + a pronoun
- None of them knew.
- on their own to represent a noun
- The determiners some, any and no are used:
- before uncountable and plural nouns
- some information, any students, no butter
- before uncountable and plural nouns
We use some in questions:
- where we expect the answer 'yes'
- Aren't there some in the drawer?
- in offers (some sounds more positive than any)
- Would you like some coffee?
- in suggestions and in making joint decisions
- Don't those cakes look good? Shall we buy some?
- in requests
- Could I have some more of those delicious biscuits?
We use any in affirmative statements:
- after words that have a limiting or restricting meaning:
- There's hardly any wine left.
- He never does any of the housework.
- She forgot to buy any milk.
Some and any in if-clauses:
- Both some and any are often found in if-clauses
- I'll have some, if there's any left.
- If you want any / some more, help yourselves.
Some can also be used:
- to mean quite a lot
- They've been going out for some time.
- to mean 'really good, great' or 'What a ...!'
- That was some party last night.
- with singular nouns when we're not sure exactly who nor what (but see discussion in the next section)
- They met at some nightclub (or other)
- as an adverb to mean 'approximately'
- It's some five miles from here.
Any is also be used:
- to mean 'it doesn't matter which'
- I don't mind, any type will do.
- to mean 'if any exists'
- We can have any leftovers for lunch tomorrow.
- intensified with at all, whatever, whatsoever
- Have you any idea at all (whatever / whatsoever) of how late it is?
- as an adverb to mean 'at all'
- I can't do it any quicker.
- as an adverb with 'more' to mean 'any longer'
- Alice doesn't live here any more.
Some and any or a(n) and one
Do you have any butter? - Yes, there's some (butter) in the fridge.
- Countable plural:
Do you have any eggs? - Yes, there are some (eggs) on the counter.
- Countable singular:
Do you have an omelette pan? - Yes, there's one (an omelette pan) in the rack.
The "jakiś problem"
- I'll see if there's any conference room available.
- Last night we went to some nightclub.
Some to mean 'I don't know who or what'.
- She works for some insurance company or other in the City.
- There must be some mistake, surely?
- I read about it in some book or other. I can't remember which.
Some to mean 'I'm not interested in it / them' or 'I don't think much of it / them'
- We went to a party last night. (neutral, matter of fact)
- We went to some party last night. (I don't know whose party it was, and perhaps I don't really care; perhaps it wasn't much fun)
- There's a man to see you. (neutral, matter of fact)
- There's some man to see you. (I don't know who he is, and perhaps I think he's a bit strange)
Exercise 3 - Complete the sentences with words from the box
|1.||I've got friend who knows all about computers.|
|2.||She's got friends in high places.|
|3.||He's got interesting information.|
|4.||I think there was fax with the information you wanted.|
|5.||Do you know if there are rooms free?|
|6.||Is there room where we could talk in private?|
|7.||Haven't they got coffee machine we could use.|
|8.||We haven't got coffee.|
Exclamations with some
- That was some party last night!
- You just watched and did nothing. Some friend you turned out to be!
- That's some bike you've got there!
- He knows even less about computers than I do. Some expert he is.
Some chicken! Some neck!
Winston Churchill speaking to the Canadian Parliament 30 December 1941
Somebody, something, somewhere etc
- Somebody, anyone, everything, nothing etc are indefinite pronouns
- Somewhere, anywhere, nowhere are indefinite adverbs
Exercise 4 - Complete the sentences with the words from the box. Each one is used once.
|1.||Is that at the door. I thought I heard the doorbell.|
|2.||Oh no! There's absolutely to park the car.|
|3.||Isn't there else who could work this weekend?|
|4.||Weren't you trying to tell me important a minute ago?|
|5.||We've done we could for that boy, and look how he treats us.|
|6.||We should go to Asia this year. We've been in Europe.|
|7.||Do you know nice to eat round here?|
|8.||There's else who can make Bolognese quite like you.|
|9.||There's much on TV tonight; let's go out.|
|10.||Let's go quiet this weekend, perhaps in the country.|
|11.||He gets a day off and else has to work late. It's not fair.|
|12.||Isn't there else to watch apart from this rubbish?|
- an adjective
- We want to go somewhere hot.
- an adverbial expression
- He does something in the City. Insurance or something.
- a clause
- Everybody (who / that) we asked thought the same as we did.
- the word else
- Will there be anything else?
- the word much in informal English after any- and no-
- We didn't do anything much, just sat by the pool all day.
Someone, anyone, everyone and no one
Somebody etc and singular they
Exercise 5 - Complete the sentences with the words and exp[ressions from the box.
|1.||If any of the guests wants another coffee, just let help .|
|2.||Somebody must have forgotten to sign name; left the box blank.|
|3.||If anyone was vegetarian, have told us earlier, wouldn't ?|
|4.||Somebody must have been in here. Look, left muddy footprints everywhere.|
|5.||Has everybody checked into respective hotels?|
|6.||If anyone sees any member of the public acting suspiciously, should report to immediate superior.|
|7.||Each member is responsible for making sure properly registered.|
|8.||Nobody should think that indispensable. If do, better change attitude, fast.|
|9.||Every government minister has own car and driver.|
|10.||If anybody should pass target by more than 10% this year, get an extra bonus.|
Anyone and any one, everyone and every one
- Does anyone want to come to the shops with me? = anybody
- Can you bring me a towel, please. Any one will do. = it doesn't matter which.
- Everyone had a really good time. = everybody
- Good girl, she's eaten every one of her peas. = all of them.
- Any old one will do.
- She's eaten every single one.
Any and either, none and neither
- What flavour ice-cream do you want? - Any, I don't mind.
- What flavour ice-cream do you want, chocolate or vanilla? - Either, I don't mind.
- Which of your (four) brothers is older than you? - None, I'm the eldest.
- Which of your (two) brothers is older than you? - Neither, I'm the eldest.
No one and none - singular or plural?
- No one tells me what to do!
- Luckily none of the furniture was damaged in the flood.
- None of my friends smoke.
- No one, like nobody, always takes a singular verb.
- When it refers to an uncountable noun, none also takes a singular verb.
- But with a plural countable noun, none can take a singular or plural verb.
The (false) problem - a short discussion
Making negatives from some etc
When some etc is the subject
- Some of the milk is off.
- None of the milk is off.
- Some cars are allowed to park here, for example, residents' cars.
- No cars are allowed to park here.
- Somebody's at the door. I thought I heard the doorbell.
- Nobody's at the door. You're imagining things.
When some etc is the object or comes later in the sentence or clause.
- Do you want milk in your coffee? I put some in the fridge.
- Oh, I forgot. I didn't put any in the fridge. It's still in the shopping bag.
- They bought some bananas.
- They didn't buy any bananas.
- I saw something moving in the bushes.
- I didn't see anything moving in the bushes.
When some etc comes after there is / are.
- There's some sugar in the cupboard
- There isn't any sugar in the cupboard.
- There's no sugar in the cupboard, shall I go and buy some.
- There's somebody at the door.
- There isn't anybody at the door.
- There's nobody at the door. You're imagining things.
- With somebody etc, we usually use they.
- Nobody's seen my book, have they?
- Everybody's going to the party, aren't they?
- With something etc, we use it.
- Something's bothering you, isn't it?
- Nothing will go wrong, will it?
Expressions with time
Exercise 6 - Complete the sentences with words from the box.
|1.||Come up and see me . (Mae West)|
|2.||There's to lose, the train leaves in an hour and we have to get to the station.|
|3.||Come round this Saturday. We'll be in all day.|
|4.||Its always the same; we go to the beach you forget something.|
|5.||We usually go by car, but we go by bus|
|6.||The mountains or the seaside? Give me the mountains .|
|7.||At did we say that we were getting you an iPad for Christmas!|
|8.||Do you think it will be ready soon? (US)|
|9.||I'm ready to go you are.|
|10.||There's before the train, we can relax a bit.|
Common phrases and idioms with some, any and none.
Exercise 7 - Complete the sentences with words from the box.
|1.||Few, any, of the people he asked wanted to talk about the matter.|
|2.||We don't seem to be anywhere with this discussion.|
|3.||Tell your boss you were held up in traffic or something. Any excuse should do.|
|4.||I know she was rude to you, none the , you shouldn't have said that to her.|
|5.||She should be arriving any now.|
|6.||He was travelling at 100 mph, and some.|
|7.||There were something forty people there.|
|8.||And there she was, none than the Queen herself.|
|9.||I don't suppose you could lend me £5, by any .|
|10.||One goal to their six. Ah well, you win some, you some.|
|11.||I'm not any more of this nonsense, children. Off to bed. Now!|
|12.||There doesn't seem to be any in talking about this any more.|
Exercise 8 - Complete the sentences with words from the box.
|1.||It's going to cost somewhere in the of £100.|
|2.||I'm a bit busy at the moment. In any , it's nearly lunch time.|
|3.||How much I earn is none of your .|
|4.||I'm sure we've met before, somewhere or .|
|5.||So they've scored again, but the match isn't over yet. Not by any .|
|6.||We seem to be going nowhere on this project. Perhaps it's time for a rethink.|
|7.||Well, thank you for your explanation, but I'm afraid I'm still none the .|
|8.||He doesn't seem to like me, for some or other.|
|9.||You can say what like about leaving school at 16, young lady, but we're none of it.|
|10.||It looks like there's some of crossroads up ahead. What does the satnav say?|
|11.||She's coming on the 3 o'clock train. At any , I think that's what she said.|
|12.||Some I'm going to be rich and famous. And pigs will fly.|
Adjectives ending in -some
Exercise 9 - complete the sentences with the adjectives in the box.
|1.||She was given praise for the way she dealt with the incident.|
|2.||It's such a puppy, I just want to hug it.|
|3.||The Grand Canyon is a truly sight.|
|4.||The young horses ran up and down the field, playing.|
|5.||He has the habit of always finishing people's sentences.|
|6.||This old oak table is a bit ; it needs four people to move it.|
|7.||She has a really smile. It's very attractive.|
|8.||He's an absolutely individual. I really hate him.|
|9.||He's been a bit since he split up with his girlfriend.|
|10.||She leads a very lifestyle: lots of exercise and a healthy diet.|
|11.||It was a particularly film, with blood everywhere.|
|12.||He's so ; he never minds his own business.|
|13.||One thing about 'Death by Chocolate'; it may be filling, but it's really .|
|14.||He's a rather young man. In a certain light that is.|
|15.||It's a bit that we have to finish this tomorrow, and we've hardly started.|
- Practical English Usage - Michael Swan (Oxford)
- Grammar and Vocabulary for Cambridge Advanced and Proficiency - (Longman)
Grammar - pronouns and determiners
- Pronouns and determiners - an overview
- Random quiz - Articles
- Reflexive, emphatic and reciprocal pronouns - myself etc
- Demonstratives - this, that, these, those
- Singular they (in praise of)
- Quantifiers - a number of ... etc - is or are?
- Martini ad - Anyplace, anywhere, anytime
- Daily writing tips - adjectives ending in -some
- Some chicken. Some neck. (YouTube) - Churchill's speech to the Candian Parliament