Types of phrasal verb or multiword (or multi part) verb
|Phrasal verbs||Characteristics||Multiword verbs|
|intransitive non-seperable - no object
verb + particle
Let's eat out tonight
Only three people turned up
a) object goes before or after the particle
verb + particle + obj / verb + obj + particle
Put your coat on / Put on your coat
Turn off the light / Turn the light off
b) object always goes between verb and particle
verb + obj + particle
I can never tell the twins apart
Let's have Jenny and Tom round for tea.
|transitive non-separable - takes an object after the particle
verb + particle + obj
She's looking after the baby.
They slept through the storm.
He turned to her for help.
|two or more particles - takes an object after the second particle
verb + pt 1 + pt 2 + obj
He's gone down with flu.
Watch out for the traffic!
|Phrasal verbs with two objects|
|a) two-part verbs
verb + obj 1 + particle + obj 2
He put his plan to her
She walked him through the instructions.
b) three-part verbs
verb + obj 1 + pt 1 + pt 2 + obj 2
He helped her on with her coat
A note on particles
Phrasal verb types
- the particle is an adverb
- eat out
- the particle acts as an adverb when separated, as a preposition when not
- turn the light on / turn on the light
- the particle is a preposition
- look after the children
- the first particle is an adverb, the second a preposition
- put up with their behaviour
Phrasal verbs with two objects
- with two part verbs the particle is a preposition
- put his plan to her
- with three part verbs the the first particle is an adverb, the second a preposition
- helped her on with her coat
A note on prepositional verbs
Phrasal verbs in the passive
- Active :
- They've put off the meeting till Thursday
- They've put the meeting off till Thursday.
- The meeting has been put off till Thursday.
- The drivers load up the vans first thing in the morning.
- The drivers load the vans up first thing in the morning.
- The vans are loaded up by the drivers first thing in the morning.
- They helped her off with her coat
- She was helped off with her coat
Phrasal verbs in dictionaries
- Type 1 - eat out
- Type 2 a) - put something < > off
- Type 2 b) - tell something apart
- Type 3 - look after somebody / something
- Type 4 - go down with something
- Two objects a) - put something to somebody
- Two objects b) - help somebody on/off with something
Yet another system!
(the good old-fashioned system)
(the trendy new system)
|Type 1 phrasal verb||Phrasal verbs|
|Particle phrasal verbs|
|Type 2 phrasal verb||Phrasal verbs|
|Particle phrasal verbs|
|Type 3 phrasal verb||Prepositional verbs||Prepositional phrasal verbs|
|Type 4 phrasal verb||Phrasal-prepositional verbs||Particle-prepositional phrasal verbs|