Practise (mostly) causative verbs with these quizzes / exercises.
- Causative verbs - basic sentence structure
- The three exceptions - have, let and make
- The verb that likes to swing both ways - help
- Two special verbs - get and have
- The construction - have something done
- Certain verbs that can also take the ...-ing form without an object.
- Verbs of permission - let, allow and permit
- Verbs of compulsion - tell, order, make and force
- The construction - something needs doing
- Non-causative use
What is a causative verb? Investigation.Just about every website you visit has a different selection or definition of causative verbs. Of the better grammar sites About.com (ESL) lists only make and have, although on their Grammar for native speakers pages they define a causative verb as:
- want, would like, need etc
- tell, order, force etc
- ask, beg, urge etc
- remind, advise, warn etc
- influence, encourage, motivate etc
- cause, lead, drive etc
- allow, forbid, invite etc
- rush, hurry etc
- train, teach, raise etc
- pay, employ, hire
- expect, trust
- The three exceptions - have, let and make
Click and Drop - Where you see the red question mark symbol ?, place the cursor over it for instructions, using your mouse.
1. Causative and causative-like verbs - the basic structure
Ex 1a - Match the beginnings and endings. ?
|1.||Her boss told her to go home||a)||to work longer hours.|
|2.||She asked the children to tidy||b)||friendly but polite.|
|3.||I would like you to write down||c)||company cheques in his absence|
|4.||He warned the students not||d)||to report on the matter.|
|5.||She encouraged him to apply||e)||to forget to revise for the exams.|
|6.||The judge invited the young||f)||as she wasn't looking very well.|
|7.||I was always taught to be||g)||in public again!|
|8.||The company hired consultants||h)||for his mother's birthday.|
|9.||I'll thank you not to criticise me||i)||man to explain his actions.|
|10.||He has authorised me to sign||j)||the following sentences.|
|11.||The staff have been persuaded||k)||their rooms before Granny arrived.|
|12.||She reminded him to buy a present||l)||for a better job.|
|subject +||verb +||object +||to + infinitive +||complement|
|Her boss||told||her||to go||home|
|subject +||verb +||object +||not to + infinitive +||complement|
|The teacher||warned||the students||not to forget||to revise|
|subject +||be +||verb (3rd form) +||to + infinitive +||complement|
|The staff||have been||persuaded||to work||longer hours|
|subject||+ be +||verb (3rd form) +||not to + infinitive +||complement|
|The boy||was||ordered||not to do||it again|
Ex 1b - A teacher is instructing his students. Complete the gaps, using the verb in brackets in the correct form, so that the second sentence has the same meaning as the first. Use the structures above and the example (EG) as models. You may have to use Passive and / or negatives.
|EG||They were made to stay late by the teacher.|
|The teacher forced them to stay late. (force)|
|1.||They were ordered to keep quiet.|
|The teacher quiet. (tell)|
|2.||They were requested to fill in the forms.|
|He the forms. (ask)|
|3.||They were told that they mustn't cheat.|
|The teacher . (warn)|
|4.||He asked them if they would like to enter an essay competition.|
|The students an essay competition. (invite)|
|5.||The teacher told them what a good idea it was to study hard.|
|He hard. (encourage)|
|6.||He told them not to forget to revise for their exams.|
|The teacher for their exams. (remind)|
|7.||The students dissuaded the teacher from keeping them late in class.|
|The teacher them late in class. (persuade)|
|8.||They learnt from the teacher to respect other people's opinions.|
|He other people's opinions. (teach)|
2. Three exceptions - have, let and make
She let the children play in the garden.
He made us tidy up after the picnic.
|subject + causative verb + infinitive without '', which is also known as the infinitive.|
Ex 2 - Complete the gaps, using the verb in brackets in the correct form, so that the second sentence has the same meaning as the first. Use the sentences above as models.
|1.||We had to work late (make). The boss late. (make)|
|2.||We were allowed to leave early. She early. (let)|
|3.||We were asked to do overtime. She overtime. (have) [US English]|
|4.||She forced us to miss lunch. We lunch. (make)|
3. The verb that likes to swing both ways - help
She helped her brother do his homework.
4. Two special verbs - have and get
Reception: I'll get a technician to come up and look at it straightaway, sir.
Ex 4 - Complete the gaps, using the verb in brackets in the correct form, so that the second sentence has the same meaning as the first. Use the sentences above as models.
|1.||I'll arrange for my assistant to send you all the details.|
|I'll you all the details (have)|
|2.||I'll make sure she includes an application form.|
|I'll an application form. (get)|
|3.||He persuaded her to apply for the job.|
|He for the job. (get)|
|4.||He told her to rewrite the letter.|
|He the letter. (have)|
5. have (get) something done
|1.||I'll cut the grass tomorrow.|
|2.||I'll have the grass cut tomorrow.|
|3.||I do my hair every month.|
|4.||I have my hair done every month.|
|5.||I repaired my car yesterday.|
|6.||I had my car repaired yesterday.|
We're getting the front door repainted next week.
Have you ever had your car broken into?
Ex 5b - Complete the gaps, using the words in brackets and the structure have something done.
|1.||I need to for my new passport. (my photo / take)|
|2.||When did you last ? (the chimney / sweep)|
|3.||We're in our garden. (a swimming pool / build)|
|4.||We last week. (a satellite dish / install)|
|5.||She needs to , she's so forgetful. (her head / examine)|
|6.||They while they were on holiday. (their house / burgle)|
|7.||My daughter wants . (her ears / pierced)|
|8.||We'd better while we're here. ( tyres / check)|
|9.||They're tomorrow. (a new dishwasher / deliver)|
|10.||He away by the police. (driving licence / take)|
6. Alternative structure with the -ing form and without an object.
Ex 6 - Fill the gaps as in the example (EG)
|EG||He permits us to smoke during breaks.|
|He permits smoking during breaks.|
|1.||She advised us to take out insurance.|
|She out insurance.|
|2.||We'd recommend you to book your flight early.|
|We'd your flight early.|
|3.||Technology encourages us to multitask.|
|4.||She only allows us to smoke on the balcony.|
|She only on the balcony.|
- Smoking isn't allowed in the house.
They are forbidden to talk during meals.
- Talking is forbidden during meals.
7. Verbs of permission - let, allow, and permit
Ex 7 - Fill the gaps with appropriate words or expressions from the box. ?
|subject + verb + object + infinitive|
|1.||The management staff to smoke in certain areas. (more formal)|
|2.||They us to use a special room for smoking. (neutral)|
|3.||They us smoke in a specified area. (more informal)|
|subject + passive verb + infinitive|
|4.||Staff are only (or allowed) to smoke in designated areas.|
|5.||You are (or not permitted) to smoke in any other part of the office.|
|subj + verb + -ing form|
|6.||We do not (or permit) smoking in the kitchen.|
|Other passive structures|
|7.||Smoking is (or allowed) only in specified areas.|
|8.||Smoking is (or not permitted) except in specified areas.|
|9.||It is to smoke in the kitchen.|
|verb + adverb particles|
|10.||She wouldn't (or allow) me in.|
|11.||The cat isn't (or let) out at night.|
- let is not used with to
- Passive structures are common with permitted and allowed, but not let
- The passive structure with it - it is permitted - but not it is allowed or it is let
- Adverb particles (in, out etc) with allow and let, but not permit
8. Verbs of compulsion - tell, order, make and force
Ex 8 - The students are back with their teacher. What did he get them to do? Make sentences using the verb given in brackets plus a verb from the box, as in the example.
|EG||He||instructed them to open their our books. (instruct)|
|1.||He||page 27. (tell)|
|2.||He||an essay. (make)|
|5.||They||their work. (be told)|
|6.||They||it all again. (be made)|
9. something needs doing
Ex 9a - Look at these sentences. Who should do the action, the subject or anybody (it doesn't matter)? Tick (check) the appropriate boxes and then check.
|1.||I need to hoover (vacuum) the carpet|
|2.||The carpet needs hoovering.|
|3.||The dinner needs preparing.|
|4.||She needs to prepare the dinner.|
|5.||I need to feed the cats.|
|6.||The cats need feeding.|
= The carpet needs to be hoovered
Ex 9b - Make sentences with need(s) using the verbs in the box in the -ing form, as in the example.
|EG||The dogs need walking .|
|1.||My shirt .|
|2.||The sitting room .|
|3.||The plants .|
|4.||The baby .|
|5.||My shoes .|
|6.||The car brakes .|
|7.||That library book .|
|8.||The bathroom .|
= She needs her head examined.
10. Non-causative use
He told his daughter a bedtime story. (non-causative)
She asked her brother to help her. = request (causative)
She asked her brother what the capital of Argentina was. (non-causative)
Answers to the exercises - click on a button and then go back to the exercise.
- ESL Gold
- About.com - Grammar
- About.com - ESL
- CCC Grammar
- English with Jennifer - Discussion on what constitute causative verbs.
- Boston University - Click on the link that says, 'Mostly causative verbs in the sentence “Sbj, Verb, Obj, Infinitive”' to open a Word (.doc) document.
- Chalk and Talk - YouTube video with get, make and have
- English Learner - a really nice exercise with make, get and have based on a little story.