Thursday, September 22, 2011

Random quiz - Conditionals

Multifunctional quiz based on a 'bank' of more than 100 conditional sentences. View by conditional type or combination. Or just go for a random selection.

You can choose which types of conditionals to try:
  1. All
  2. One type of conditional
  3. A combination of two types
And you have the following options for doing the quiz:
  1. Show each verb (easiest / default)
  2. Multiple choice
  3. Show all the missing verbs in a box at the top.
Note 1 - Continuous - Some verbs are in continuous forms. You should be able to tell which from the context. None are in Present perfect.
Note 2 - Inversion - If the gap comes at the beginning of the sentence, you'll need to use inversion. This only happens in a few sentences. See below the exercise for a reminder on inversion in conditionals.
Note 3 - Was / were - For the purposes of this quiz use the informal was rather than the more formal were, except in the standard expression If I were you.
Note 4 - Using contractions (ignore the space before the gaps)
  • After personal pronouns use 'll for will
  • After personal pronouns use 'd for had and would
  • After personal pronouns use suitable contractions for the verb be - 'm, 're, 's
  • Use ...n't for negatives where appropriate.
  • Don't use any double contractions (you'd've etc)
  • Don't use any contractions at all with inverted forms (more formal)

Quiz options Click on any button to start - Randomised
0 & 1
1 & 2
2 & 3
3 & M
Questions per page Qs out of

Your exercise will appear here

A reminder of conditional types

  • Zero - For general truths
    if + present, - present
  • First - For real present / future conditions.
    if + present, - will / going to / imperative / modal
  • Second - For unreal present / future conditions
    if + past, - would / could + bare infinitive
  • Third - For unreal past conditions
    if + past perfect, - would / could have + past participle (3rd form)
  • Mixed - In this quiz, all the mixed conditionals mix second and third conditionals (or vice versa)

A reminder of inversion in conditionals

  1. Should you want something = If you want something
  2. Were she to do something = If she did something
  3. Had I done something = If I had done something
This use is quite formal, so the example sentences in the quiz don't use contractions.

'False' conditionals

Remember, not all sentences starting with if follow these patterns. We often use if sentences with normal verb tenses, where they don't really express a condition. For this reason they are sometimes called false conditionals.
  • If you don't like seafood, why didn't you say?
  • If he thinks that, he's got another think coming. (saying)
  • If he was in town, why didn't he come and sees us?
You can see a few more of these at the first link.

More posts on conditionals

  • If you thought that, you thought wrong - if clauses blog
  • Beyoncé - If I were a boy - Conditionals blog
  • Joan Osborne - One of us - Second conditional blog
  • More on conditionals - 3rd and Mixed blog
  • Maybe if we sang a song we'd learn conditionals quicker blog

More random quizzes

For more random quizzes, including phrasal verbs and prepositions, see the Contents page.

Links - Conditionals

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The printer version wiil show the exercise on Page 1 and the notes Page 2. Do a Print preview to make sure your exercise isn't too long. You can make a teacher copy with answers by clicking on 'Show'. Make sure you 'Clear' before printing student copies.

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